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Treatment of Patients with Cardiovascular Disease with L-4F, an Apo-A1 mimetic, Did Not Improve Select Biomarkers of HDL Function

Watson, Catherine and Weissbach, Nicole and Kjems, Lise and Ayalasomayajula, Surya and Zhang, Yiming and Chang, Ih and Navab, Mohamad and Hama, Susan and Hough, Greg and Reddy, Srinivasa and Soffer, Daniel and Rader, Daniel and Fogelman, Alan and Schecter, Alison (2010) Treatment of Patients with Cardiovascular Disease with L-4F, an Apo-A1 mimetic, Did Not Improve Select Biomarkers of HDL Function. Journal of Lipid Research, 52 (2). pp. 361-373. ISSN 0022-2275

Abstract

L-4F, an apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) mimetic peptide (also known as APL180), was administered daily by either intravenous (IV) infusion for 7 days or by subcutaneous (SC) injection for 28 days in patients with coronary heart disease in two distinct clinical studies. L-4F was well tolerated at all doses tested. Despite achieving plasma levels (mean maximal plasma concentration of 2,907 ng/ml and 395 ng/ml, following IV infusion and SC injection, respectively), that were effective in previously published animal models, treatment with L-4F, as assessed by biomarkers of HDL function such as HDL-inflammatory index (HII), and paraoxonase activity, did not improve. Paradoxically, there was a 49% increase in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels after seven IV infusions of 30 mg L-4F (P < 0.05; compared with placebo) and a trend for hs-CRP increase in subjects receiving 30 mg SC injection for 28 days. In a subsequent, ex vivo study, addition of L-4F at concentrations of 150, 375, or 1,000 ng/ml to plasma from subjects prior to L-4F treatment resulted in significant dose-dependent HII improvement. In conclusion, in vivo L-4F treatment, delivered by either SC injection or IV infusion, did not improve HDL functional biomarkers despite achieving plasma levels that improved identical biomarkers ex vivo and in animal models.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing); Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
Keywords: ApoA-I mimetic peptides; Atherosclerosis, HDL; C-reactive protein; Coronary Heart Disease; Diabetes; L-4F; Lipoproteins
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Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:15
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:15
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/3615

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