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The PHD domain targets NSD2 to oncogenic gene loci and drives tumorigenesis in multiple myeloma cells

Huang, Zheng and Wu, Haiping and Chuai, Shannon and Xu, Fiona and Yan, Feng and Englund, Nathan and Wang, Zhaofu and Zhang, Hailong and Fang, Ming and Wang, Youzhen and Gu, Justin and Zhang, Maya and Yang, Teddy and Zhao, Kehao and Yu, Yanyan and Dai, Jingquan and Yi, Wei and Zhou, Shaolian and Li, Qian and Wu, Jing and Liu, Jun and Wu, Xu and Chan, Ho Man and Lu, Chris and Atadja, Peter and Li, En and Wang, Yan and Hu, Min (2013) The PHD domain targets NSD2 to oncogenic gene loci and drives tumorigenesis in multiple myeloma cells. Cancer Research, 73 (20). pp. 1-12.

Abstract

NSD2, a histone lysine methyltransferase, is overexpressed as a result of the t(4;14) translocation that is associated with 15-20% of multiple myeloma patients. Earlier studies have indicated that NSD2 may be involved in myelomagenesis and suggested that it may be a target for myeloma therapy. Here we show that depletion of NSD2 has only minor influence on the proliferation of t(4;14)+ myeloma cells. However, we found that NSD2 is required for clonogenic growth, adherence and proliferation on bone marrow stroma, and tumorigenesis of t(4;14)+ but not t(4;14)- myeloma cells, in a methyltransferase activity dependent manner. Furthermore, we found that PHD domains are important for NSD2 cellular activity and biological functions in myeloma by recruiting it to oncogenic gene loci and driving downstream transcription activation events. These results strengthened the disease link of NSD2 and provided a basis that targeting the methyltransferase activity of NSD2 may be a therapeutic strategy in multiple myeloma patients with t(4;14) translocation. Our data also revealed multiple domains in the protein for possible chemical modulation.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:13
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:13
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/9816

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