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Regulating the regulators: mechanisms controlling the maturation of microRNAs.

Ding, Xavier C and Weiler, Jan and Grosshans, Helge (2009) Regulating the regulators: mechanisms controlling the maturation of microRNAs. Trends in Biotechnology, 27 (1). pp. 27-36. ISSN 0167-7799

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that control diverse cellular and developmental events through repression of large sets of target mRNAs. Regulated transcription of the genes encoding miRNAs by RNA polymerase II promotes specific expression patterns of individual miRNAs. However, recent studies have established that substantial regulation of mature miRNA accumulation also occurs after transcription. Here, we review the mechanisms of such post-transcriptional regulation, with a particular focus on examples where molecular mechanisms or physiological principles are beginning to emerge. Elucidating these mechanisms will increase our understanding of gene regulation and provide new insights into causes of miRNA misexpression in diseases such as cancer.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing); Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:50
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 01:01
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/981

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