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An F876l mutation in androgen receptor confers genetic and phenotypic resistance to MDV3100 (Enzalutamide)

Korpal, Manav and Korn, Joshua and Ruddy, David and Doshi, Shivang and Yuan, Jing and Kim, Sunkyu and Cooke, Vesselina and Stegmeier, Frank and Roberts, Thomas and Sellers, William and Zhou, Wenlai and Zhu, Ping (2013) An F876l mutation in androgen receptor confers genetic and phenotypic resistance to MDV3100 (Enzalutamide). Cancer Discovery, 3 (9). pp. 1030-1043. ISSN 2159-8274

Abstract

Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is the most aggressive, incurable form of prostate cancer. MDV3100 (enzalutamide), an antagonist of the androgen receptor (AR), was approved for clinical use in men with metastatic CRPC. Although this compound showed clinical efficacy, many initial responders later developed resistance. To uncover relevant resistant mechanisms, we developed a model of spontaneous resistance to MDV3100 in LNCaP prostate cancer cells. Detailed characterization revealed that emergence of an F876L mutation in AR correlated with blunted AR response to MDV3100 and sustained proliferation during treatment. Functional studies confirmed that ARF876L confers an antagonist-to-agonist switch that drives phenotypic resistance. Finally, treatment with distinct antiandrogens orcyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)4/6 inhibitors effectively antagonized ARF876L function. Together, these findings suggest that emergence of F876L may (i) serve as a novel biomarker for prediction of drug sensitivity, (ii) predict a "withdrawal" response to MDV3100, and (iii) be suitably targeted with other antiandrogens or CDK4/6 inhibitors. SIGNIFICANCE: We uncovered an F876L agonist-switch mutation in AR that confers genetic and phenotypic resistance to the antiandrogen drug MDV3100. On the basis of this finding, we propose new therapeutic strategies to treat patients with prostate cancer presenting with this AR mutation. © 2013 American Association for Cancer Research.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2017 00:45
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 00:46
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/9735

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