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Importance of the C-terminal domain of the human GW182 protein TNRC6C for translational repression.

Zipprich, Jakob T and Bhattacharyya, Sankar and Mathys, Hansruedi and Filipowicz, Witold (2009) Importance of the C-terminal domain of the human GW182 protein TNRC6C for translational repression. RNA (New York, N.Y.), 15 (5). pp. 781-793. ISSN 1469-9001

Abstract

Proteins of the GW182 family play an important role in the execution of microRNA repression in metazoa. They interact directly with Argonaute proteins, components of microRNPs, and also form part of P-bodies, structures implicated in translational repression and mRNA degradation. Recent results demonstrated that Drosophila GW182 has the potential to both repress translation and accelerate mRNA deadenylation and decay. In contrast to a single GW182 protein in Drosophila, the three GW182 paralogs TNRC6A, TNRC6B, and TNRC6C are encoded in mammalian genomes. In this study, we provide evidence that TNRC6C, like TNRC6A and TNRC6B, is important for efficient miRNA repression. We further demonstrate that tethering of each of the human TNRC6 proteins to a reporter mRNA has a dramatic inhibitory effect on protein synthesis. The repression is due to a combination of effects on the mRNA level and mRNA translation. Through deletion and mutagenesis, we identified the C-terminal part of TNRC6C encompassing the RRM RNA-binding motif as a key effector domain mediating protein synthesis repression by TNRC6C.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: archiving not formally supported by this publisher
Keywords: GW182; miRNA; RNA stability; translation; polyadenylation
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:50
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 01:02
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/952

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