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Deubiquitinase FAM/USP9X interacts with the E3 ubiquitin ligase SMURF1 and protects it from ligase activity-dependent self-degradation.

Xie, Yang and Avello, Monika and Schirle, Markus and Whinnie, Elizabeth Mc and Feng, Yan and Bric-Furlong, Eva and Wilson, Christopher and Nathans, Robin and Zhang, Jing and Kirschner, Marc W and Huang, Shih-Min A and Cong, Feng (2012) Deubiquitinase FAM/USP9X interacts with the E3 ubiquitin ligase SMURF1 and protects it from ligase activity-dependent self-degradation. The Journal of biological chemistry. ISSN 1083-351X

Abstract

Ubiquitination is an essential post-translational modification that mediates diverse cellular functions. SMAD specific E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1 (SMURF1) belongs to the Nedd4 family of HECT ubiquitin ligases that directly catalyzes ubiquitin conjugation onto diverse substrates. As a result, SMURF1 regulates a great variety of cellular physiologies including bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling, cell migration and planar cell polarity. Structurally, SMURF1 consists of a C2 domain, two WW domain repeats, and a catalytic HECT domain essential for its E3 ligase activity. This modular architecture allows for interactions with other proteins which are either substrates or adaptors of SMURF1. Despite the increasing number of SMURF1 substrates identified, current knowledge regarding regulatory proteins and their modes of action on controlling SMURF1 activity is still limited. In this study, we employed quantitative mass spectrometry to analyze SMURF1-associated cellular complexes, and identified the deubiquitinase FAM/USP9X as a novel interacting protein for SMURF1. Through domain mapping study, we found the second WW domain of SMURF1 and the carboxyl terminus of USP9X critical for this interaction. SMURF1 is auto-ubiquitinated through its intrinsic HECT E3 ligase activity, and is degraded by the proteasome. USP9X association antagonizes this activity, resulting in deubiquitination and stabilization of SMURF1. In MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, SMURF1 expression is elevated and is required for cellular motility. USP9X stabilizes endogenous SMURF1 in MDA-MB-231 cells. Depletion of USP9X led to down-regulation of SMURF1 and significantly impaired cellular migration. Taking together, our data reveal USP9X as an important regulatory protein of SMURF1 and suggest that the association between deubiquitinase and E3 ligase may serve as a common strategy to control the cellular protein dynamics through modulating E3 ligase stability.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:13
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:13
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/9339

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