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Bioturbo Similarity Searching: Combining Chemical and Biological Similarity to Discover Structurally Diverse Bioactive Molecules

Wassermann, Anne and Lounkine, Eugen and Glick, Meir (2013) Bioturbo Similarity Searching: Combining Chemical and Biological Similarity to Discover Structurally Diverse Bioactive Molecules. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53 (3). pp. 692-703. ISSN 1549-95961549-960X

Abstract

Virtual screening using bioactivity profiles has become an integral part of currently applied hit finding methods in pharmaceutical industry. However, a significant drawback of this approach is that it is only applicable to compounds that have been biologically tested in the past and have sufficient activity annotations for meaningful profile comparisons. Although bioactivity data generated in pharmaceutical institutions is growing on an unprecedented scale, the number of biologically annotated compounds still covers only a minuscule fraction of chemical space. For a newly synthesized compound or an isolated natural product to be biologically characterized across multiple assays, it may take a considerable amount of time. Consequently, this chemical matter will not be included in virtual screening campaigns based on bioactivity profiles.
To overcome this problem, we herein introduce bioturbo similarity searching that uses chemical similarity to map molecules without biological annotations into bioactivity space and then searches for biologically similar compounds in this reference system. In benchmark calculations on primary screening data, we demonstrate that our approach generally achieves higher hit rates and identifies structurally more diverse compounds than approaches using chemical information only. Furthermore, our method is able to discover hits with novel modes of inhibition that traditional 2D and 3D similarity approaches are unlikely to discover. Test calculations on a set of natural products reveal the practical utility of the approach for identifying novel and synthetically more accessible chemical matter.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Biological Similarity, Biospectra Analysis, Bioturbo Similarity Searching, Chemotype Diversity, HTS Fingerprints, Scaffold Hopping, Similarity Searching, Turbo Similarity Searching, Virtual Screening.
Date Deposited: 27 May 2016 23:45
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2016 23:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/9307

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