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Metabolism of bromopride in mouse, rat, rabbit, dog, monkey, and human hepatocytes

Dunne, Christine and Bushee, Jennifer and Argikar, Upendra (2012) Metabolism of bromopride in mouse, rat, rabbit, dog, monkey, and human hepatocytes. Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics.

Abstract

Bromopride (BRP) has been utilized clinically for treatment of nausea, vomiting and gastro-intestinal motility disorders. The pharmacokinetics of BRP have been characterized in dogs and humans, however, the metabolic profile of BRP has not been well studied. The present study was aimed at better understanding BRP metabolism across species. We investigated biotransformation of BRP in mouse, rat, rabbit, dog, monkey, and human hepatocytes with the help of LC-MSn and accurate mass measurement. Mouse, rat, dog, and monkey are relevant in drug discovery and development as pre-clinical species to be compared with human, whereas rabbit gastric pacing and post-surgical models have been utilized in historic efficacy studies with BRP.

Overall, 20 metabolites of BRP were identified across hepatocytes from six species. Monkey offered the most coverage for human, in terms of number of metabolites identified. Interestingly, M14, an N-sulfate metabolite of BRP was identified as a human-specific metabolite. BRP metabolism had only been reported in dog plasma and urine, historically. Our investigation is the first documentation of in vitro metabolism of BRP in all the species reported here. Metabolites M1, M2, M4-M10, M12, M13, and M15-M20 have not been previously reported. In summary, this report documents seventeen metabolites of BRP for the first time, thus providing a deeper insight into the biotransformation of BRP.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: All material in this submission has been previously approved as two posters - one at ICYC 2012 and ASMS 2012. OAK ID 2012
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2016 23:46
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2016 23:46
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/9276

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