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Aggregation of Human Recombinant Monoclonal Antibodies Influences the Capacity of Dendritic Cells to Stimulate Adaptive T-cell Responses In Vitro

Rombach-Riegraf, Verena, Karle, Anette, Wolf, Babette, Sorde, Laetitia, Koepke, Stephan, Gottlieb, Sascha, Djidja, Marie-Claude, Baban, Aida, Spindeldreher, Sebastian, Koulov, Atanas and Kiessling, Andrea (2013) Aggregation of Human Recombinant Monoclonal Antibodies Influences the Capacity of Dendritic Cells to Stimulate Adaptive T-cell Responses In Vitro. PLoS One.

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Subvisible proteinaceous particles which are present in all therapeutic protein formulations are in the focus of intense discussions between health authorities, academics and biopharmaceutical companies in the context of concerns that such particles could promote unwanted immunogenicity via anti-drug antibody formation. In order to provide further understanding of the subject, this study closely examines the specific biological effects proteinaceous particles may exert on dendritic cells (DCs) as the most efficient antigen-presenting cell population crucial for the initiation of the adaptive immune response. Two different model IgG antibodies were subjected to three different types of exaggerated physical stress to generate subvisible particles in far greater concentrations than the ones typical for the currently marketed biotherapeutical antibodies. The aggregated samples were used in in vitro biological assays in order to interrogate the early DC-driven events that initiate CD4 T-cell dependent humoral adaptive immune responses – peptide presentation capacity and co-stimulatory activity of DCs. Most importantly, antigen presentation was addressed with a unique approach called MHC-associated peptide proteomics (MAPPs), which allows for identifying the sequences of HLA-DR associated peptides directly from human dendritic cells [1].
The experiments demonstrated that highly aggregated solutions of two model mAbs generated under controlled conditions can induce activation of human monocyte-derived DCs as indicated by upregulation of typical maturation markers including co-stimulatory molecules necessary for CD4 T-cell activation. Additional data suggest that highly aggregated proteins could induce in vitro T-cell responses. Intriguingly, strong aggregation-mediated changes in the pattern and quantity of antigen-derived HLA-DR associated peptides presented on DCs were observed, indicating a change in protein processing and presentation. Increasing the amounts of subvisible proteinaceous particles correlated very well with the pronounced increase in the peptide number and clusters presented in the context of class II HLA-DR molecules, suggesting a major involvement of a mass-action mechanism of altering the presentation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: One author of the manuscript (Atanas Koulov) who has previously contributed to this study within Novartis, TRD has moved to Roche Pharmaceuticals while the manuscript was in draft.
Keywords: aggregation, immunogenicity, subvisible particles, MAPPs, dendritic cells, DC maturation; antigen presentation, HLA-DR, HLA class II, antigen processing, T- cell activation.
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:14
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:14


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