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A randomized, crossover study to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of amantadine and oseltamivir administered alone and in combination.

Morrison, Dennis and Roy, Sandip and Rayner, Craig and Amer, Ahmed and Howard, Danny and Smith, James R and Evans, Thomasg (2007) A randomized, crossover study to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of amantadine and oseltamivir administered alone and in combination. PLoS ONE, 2 (12). e1305. ISSN 1932-6203

Abstract

The threat of potential pandemic influenza requires a reevaluation of licensed therapies for the prophylaxis or treatment of avian H5N1 infection that may adapt to man. Among the therapies considered for use in pandemic influenza is the co-administration of ion channel and neuraminidase inhibitors, both to potentially increase efficacy as well as to decrease the emergence of resistant isolates. To better understand the potential for drug interactions, a cross-over, randomized, open-label trial was conducted with amantadine, 100 mg po bid, and oseltamivir, 75 mg po bid, given alone or in combination for 5 days. Each subject (N = 17) served as their own control and was administered each drug alone or in combination, with appropriate wash-out. Co-administration with oseltamivir had no clinically significant effect on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of amantadine [mean ratios (90% CI) for AUC(0-12) 0.93 (0.89, 0.98) and C(max) 0.96 (0.90, 1.02)]. Similarly, amantadine co-administration did not affect oseltamivir PK [AUC(0-12) 0.92 (0.86, 0.99) and C(max) 0.85 (0.73, 0.99)] or the PK of the metabolite, oseltamivir carboxylate [AUC(0-12) 0.98 (0.95, 1.02) and C(max) 0.95 (0.89, 1.01)]. In this small trial there was no evidence of an increase in adverse events. Although many more subjects would need to be studied to rule out a synergistic increase in adverse events, the combination in this small human drug-drug interaction trial appears safe and without pharmacokinetic consequences. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00416962.

Item Type: Article
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Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:17
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:17
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/86

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