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Radiolabelled mass-balance excretion and metabolism studies in laboratory animals: a commentary on why they are still necessary

Tse, Francis and White, Ronald and Evans, David and Hop, Cornelis and Moore, David and Prakash, Chandra and Surapaneni, Sekhar (2012) Radiolabelled mass-balance excretion and metabolism studies in laboratory animals: a commentary on why they are still necessary. Xenobiotica, 43 (2). pp. 219-225. ISSN 0049-8254]

Abstract

1. The necessity of conducting traditional radiolabelled ADME studies in animals during development of new investigative agents has been questioned in a recent review.
2. We present a compilation of the benefits of such studies in the understanding of the in vivo pharmacological activity and disposition of new drug candidates, including interpretation of preclinical toxicology findings, characterization of circulating metabolites, and determination of principal pathways of clearance. This understanding is valuable in anticipating the human disposition of the drugs and the planning of the clinical development program.
3. Because of new technologies, evolving regulatory expectations, and increased scientific understanding of the disposition of drugs, the traditional design and timing of both animal and human ADME studies should be reviewed. Innovative “fit-for-purpose” studies may well be a better choice in a particular drug development program than a standard animal ADME “package”. However, we submit that, at this time, radiolabelled animal ADME studies still provide a definitive and irreplaceable component of our understanding of the in vivo actions and behaviors of drugs and should continue to be performed prior to the exposure of large numbers of human subjects to investigative drugs.

Item Type: Article
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Keywords: ADME, biotransformation, clearance, FDA, pharmacokinetic, preclinical, toxicology, transporters
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Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:14
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:14
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/7753

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