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A simple, rapid and sensitive method for simultaneous determination of rivastigmine and its major metabolite NAP 226-90 in rat brain and plasma by reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.

Enz, Albert and Chappuis, Alain and Dattler, Andre (2004) A simple, rapid and sensitive method for simultaneous determination of rivastigmine and its major metabolite NAP 226-90 in rat brain and plasma by reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Biomedical Chromatography, 18 (3). pp. 160-166. ISSN 0269-3879

Abstract

A simple and sensitive reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray-mass spectrometry was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of rivastigmine, a cholinesterase inhibitor, and its major metabolite NAP 226-90 in rat plasma and brain homogenates. Rivastigmine and NAP 226-90 were extracted from plasma and brain by ethyl acetate and, after drying under nitrogen, re-dissolved in acetonitrile and separated isocratic by HPLC on a C(18) column and quantified by single ion monitoring mass spectrometer. The mean (+/-SD) extraction efficiency for rivastigmine in plasma and brain was 93 +/- 2 and 95 +/- 2% (n = 5) of NAP 226-90 in a drug range of 10-100 pmol/mL or pmol/g. The method proved to be linear within the tested range (regression coefficient, r = 0.9999, n = 5). Intra- and inter-day precision coefficients of variation and accuracy bias were acceptable (within 15%, n = 5) over the entire range for both compounds using plasma or brain samples. The limits of quantification were 0.5 pmol/mL plasma and 2.5 pmol/g brain for rivastigmine and 1 pmol/mL plasma and 5 pmol/g brain for NAP 226-90, respectively. The analytical technique was used to determine the concentrations of rivastigmine and its metabolite NAP 226-90 in rat plasma and brain after oral drug administration. The concentrations of the parent drug and its major metabolite were compared to a pharmacodynamic parameter, the ex vivo inhibition of acetylcholinesterase.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: archiving not allowed on institutional repository
Keywords: acetylcholinesterase; carbamate inhibitor; Exelon; Alzheimer's disease
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:54
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2009 13:54
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/763

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