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AEE788: a dual family epidermal growth factor receptor/ErbB2 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor with antitumor and antiangiogenic activity.

Traxler, Peter and Allegrini, Peter Roland and Brandt, Ralf and Brueggen, Josef and Cozens, Robert and Fabbro, Doriano and Grosios, Konstantina and Lane, Heidi and Mcsheehy, Paul M.J. and Mestan, Juergen and Meyer, Thomas and Tang, Careen and Wartmann, Markus and Wood, Jeanette and Caravatti, Giorgio (2004) AEE788: a dual family epidermal growth factor receptor/ErbB2 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor with antitumor and antiangiogenic activity. Cancer Research, 64 (14). pp. 4931-4941. ISSN 0008-5472

Abstract

Aberrant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and ErbB2 expression are associated with advanced disease and poor patient prognosis in many tumor types (breast, lung, ovarian, prostate, glioma, gastric, and squamous carcinoma of head and neck). In addition, a constitutively active EGFR type III deletion mutant has been identified in non-small cell lung cancer, glioblastomas, and breast tumors. Hence, members of the EGFR family are viewed as promising therapeutic targets in the fight against cancer. In a similar vein, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor kinases are also promising targets in terms of an antiangiogenic treatment strategy. AEE788, obtained by optimization of the 7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine lead scaffold, is a potent combined inhibitor of both epidermal growth factor (EGF) and VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase family members on the isolated enzyme level and in cellular systems. At the enzyme level, AEE788 inhibited EGFR and VEGF receptor tyrosine kinases in the nm range (IC(50)s: EGFR 2 nm, ErbB2 6 nm, KDR 77 nm, and Flt-1 59 nm). In cells, growth factor-induced EGFR and ErbB2 phosphorylation was also efficiently inhibited (IC(50)s: 11 and 220 nm, respectively). AEE788 demonstrated antiproliferative activity against a range of EGFR and ErbB2-overexpressing cell lines (including EGFRvIII-dependent lines) and inhibited the proliferation of epidermal growth factor- and VEGF-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells. These properties, combined with a favorable pharmacokinetic profile, were associated with a potent antitumor activity in a number of animal models of cancer, including tumors that overexpress EGFR and or ErbB2. Oral administration of AEE788 to tumor-bearing mice resulted in high and persistent compound levels in tumor tissue. Moreover, AEE788 efficiently inhibited growth factor-induced EGFR and ErbB2 phosphorylation in tumors for >72 h, a phenomenon correlating with the antitumor efficacy of intermittent treatment schedules. Strikingly, AEE788 also inhibited VEGF-induced angiogenesis in a murine implant model. Antiangiogenic activity was also apparent by measurement of tumor vascular permeability and interstitial leakage space using dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging methodology. Taken together, these data indicate that AEE788 has potential as an anticancer agent targeting deregulated tumor cell proliferation as well as angiogenic parameters. Consequently, AEE788 is currently in Phase I clinical trials in oncology.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing); Authors final version may be deposited on institutional website/ repository if required by institution
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:55
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 01:07
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/744

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