Browse views: by Year, by Function, by GLF, by Subfunction, by Conference, by Journal

Suppression of histamine-induced tachypnoea in the rhesus monkey by sibenadet: no role for dopamine D2 receptors.

Fozard, John R. and Buescher, Heinz and Farr, David Colin and Mazzoni, Lazzaro (2004) Suppression of histamine-induced tachypnoea in the rhesus monkey by sibenadet: no role for dopamine D2 receptors. Autonomic & Autacoid Pharmacology, 24 (1). pp. 9-16. ISSN 1474-8665

Abstract

1. Sibenadet (Viozan), a dual dopamine D(2)/beta(2)-adrenoceptor agonist, suppresses histamine-induced tachypnoea in the dog by activating dopamine D(2) receptors. We here compare the effects of sibenadet and formoterol, a selective beta(2)-adrenoceptor agonist, on histamine-induced tachypnoea in the rhesus monkey. 2. Anaesthetized, spontaneously breathing, rhesus monkeys were set up for measuring airways resistance, respiratory rate, blood pressure and heart rate. 3. Both sibenadet and formoterol administered by aerosol, induced inhibition of the bronchoconstrictor response to aerosolized methacholine accompanied by tachycardia. Sibenadet, but not formoterol, also reduced blood pressure. 4. Administration of histamine by inhalation induced tachypnoea which was accompanied by bronchoconstriction. Tachypnoea to histamine was suppressed by both sibenadet and formoterol at doses which manifest anti-bronchoconstrictor activity. These effects and the accompanying tachycardia but not the hypotension induced by sibenadet were abolished by pretreatment with propranolol. 5. The dopamine D(2) receptor agonist, quinagolide, did not suppress tachypnoea to histamine despite inducing a fall in blood pressure indicating activation of dopamine D(2) receptors. 6. Thus, both sibenadet and formoterol suppress histamine-evoked tachypnoea in the rhesus monkey. The effect arises exclusively through activation of beta(2)-adrenoceptors and probably reflects the anti-bronchoconstrictor effects of these agents. The results reveal a fundamental difference in the role of dopamine receptors in the airways of dog and rhesus monkey.

Item Type: Article
Related URLs:
Additional Information: archiving not allowed on institutional repository
Keywords: histamine-induced tachypnoea; sibenadet; formoterol; rhesus monkey; β 2-adrenoceptors; dopamine D2 receptors
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:55
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2009 13:55
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/740

Search

Email Alerts

Register with OAK to receive email alerts for saved searches.