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O:2-CRM197 conjugates against Salmonella Paratyphi A

Micoli, Francesca, Rondini, Simona, Gavini, Massimiliano, Lanzilao, Luisa, Saul, Allan James and Martin, Laura Bartle (2012) O:2-CRM197 conjugates against Salmonella Paratyphi A. Plos One.


Enteric fevers remain a common and serious disease, affecting mainly children and adolescents in developing countries. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi was believed to cause most enteric fever episodes, but several recent reports have shown an increasing incidence of S. Paratyphi A, encouraging the development of a bivalent vaccine to protect against both serovars, especially considering that at present there is no vaccine against S. Paratyphi A. The O-specific polysaccharide (O:2) of S. Paratyphi A is a protective antigen and clinical data have previously demonstrated the potential of using O:2 conjugate vaccines. Here we describe a new conjugation chemistry to link O:2 and the carrier protein CRM197, using the terminus 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid (KDO), thus leaving the O:2 chain unmodified. The new conjugates were tested in mice and compared with other O:2-antigen conjugates, synthesized adopting previously described methods that use CRM197 as carrier protein. The newly developed conjugation chemistry yielded immunogenic conjugates with strong serum bactericidal activity against S. Paratyphi A.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: conjugate vaccine; Salmonella Paratyphi A, CRM197
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:14
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:14


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