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Near-infrared fluorescence imaging and histology confirm anomalous edematous signal distribution detected in the rat lung by MRI after allergen challenge.

Tigani, Bruno and Gremlich, Hans-Ulrich and Cannet, Catherine and Zurbruegg, Stefan and Quintana, Harry Karmouty and Beckmann, Nicolau (2004) Near-infrared fluorescence imaging and histology confirm anomalous edematous signal distribution detected in the rat lung by MRI after allergen challenge. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging : JMRI, 20 (6). pp. 967-974. ISSN 1053-1807

Abstract

PURPOSE: To address the issue concerning the predominant location, on the left anatomic side, of edematous signals detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the lungs of actively sensitized rats following intratracheal (IT) allergen challenge. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging was used to detect the lobular distribution in the lungs of normal rats of an IT instilled fluorescent dye, Cy5.5. Actively sensitized Brown Norway rats were examined by MRI 24 hours after IT administration of ovalbumin. The perivascular edema was quantified by histology in the different lobes of lungs removed from the same animals immediately after the MRI acquisitions. RESULTS: An uneven distribution of Cy5.5 was found, predominantly on the left lobe, paralleling the localized development of allergic pulmonary inflammation in the left lobe detected as edematous signal by MRI and confirmed by histology. The patterns of the distributions of the dye between and within the lobes were very similar to those of perivascular edema assessed histologically. CONCLUSION: The data indicate a relationship between the molecular deposition of the dye detected by NIRF in the lungs and the distribution of allergen eliciting the development of pulmonary inflammation in actively rats. The combination of MRI with NIRF imaging may provide important information in preclinical pharmacologic research in the area of airway diseases. While MRI is able to address the effects of compounds on the inflammatory response in models of airways diseases, NIRF imaging may provide important insights on drug distribution and interaction in the lung, being thus suited for molecular imaging studies.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: archiving not allowed on institutional repository
Keywords: asthma; lung; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); molecular imaging; near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:55
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 01:09
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/711

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