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The ability of atropine to prevent and reverse the negative chronotropic effect of fingolimod in healthy subjects.

Kovarik, John M. and Slade, Alan and Riviere, Gilles-Jacques and Neddermann, Daniel and Maton, Steve and Hunt, Tom and Schmouder, Robert (2008) The ability of atropine to prevent and reverse the negative chronotropic effect of fingolimod in healthy subjects. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 66 (2). pp. 199-206. ISSN 1365-2125

Abstract

AIMS: The authors determined whether intravenous atropine can prevent or counteract the negative chronotropic effect of the immunomodulator fingolimod. METHODS: In this randomized, placebo-controlled, two-period, crossover study, 12 healthy subjects received 5 mg fingolimod orally concurrently with intravenous atropine (titrated to a heart rate of 110-120 beats min(-1)) or intravenous placebo. A second group of 12 subjects received atropine/placebo 4 h after the fingolimod dose. Continuous telemetry measurements were made for 24 h after each fingolimod dose. RESULTS: Fingolimod administration alone yielded a heart rate nadir of 51 +/- 5 beats min(-1) at a median 4 h postdose with heart rate remaining depressed at 51-64 beats min(-1) over the rest of the day. Concurrent administration of fingolimod and atropine yielded a nadir of 66 +/- 6 beats min(-1) resulting in an atropine: placebo ratio (90% confidence interval) of 1.30 (1.22, 1.36). When atropine was administered at the time of the nadir, it was able to reverse the negative chronotropic effect of fingolimod from a heart rate of 56 +/- 9 beats min(-1) (placebo) to 64 +/- 8 beats min(-1) (atropine) resulting in an atropine: placebo ratio of 1.15 (1.04, 1.26). Atropine had no influence on the pharmacokinetics of fingolimod. CONCLUSIONS: Atropine administered concurrently with fingolimod prevented the heart rate nadir that typically occurs 4 h postdose. Atropine administered at the time of the heart rate nadir was able to reverse the negative chronotropic effect of fingolimod.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: archiving not allowed on institutional repository
Keywords: atropine; bradycardia; fingolimod; heart rate
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:56
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 01:10
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/681

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