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Formoterol delivered via a new multi-dose dry powder inhaler (Certihaler) is as effective and well tolerated as the formoterol dry powder inhaler (Aerolizer) in children with persistent asthma.

Chuchalin, Alexander G and Manjra, Ahmed I and Rozinova, Nadezhda N and Skopková, Olga and Cioppa, Giovanni Della and Till, Denise and Kaiser, Guenther and Fashola, Taiwo and Kottakis, John (2005) Formoterol delivered via a new multi-dose dry powder inhaler (Certihaler) is as effective and well tolerated as the formoterol dry powder inhaler (Aerolizer) in children with persistent asthma. Journal of aerosol medicine : the official journal of the International Society for Aerosols in Medicine, 18 (1). pp. 63-73. ISSN 0894-2684

Abstract

The Certihaler is a new multi-dose dry powder inhaler for the delivery of formoterol (Foradil), a long-acting beta(2)-agonist. This dose-ranging study compared the efficacy and safety of formoterol 5, 10, 15 and 30 microg and placebo administered via the Certihaler or formoterol 12 microg via a single-dose dry powder inhaler (Aerolizer) in children with persistent asthma. This was a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, double-dummy, incomplete block crossover, dose-finding and pharmacokinetic study. Children (5-12 years, n = 77) received four of the active treatments twice weekly (BID) for 1 week separated by 1-week single-blind washouts. The primary efficacy variable was 12-h AUC of FEV(1) after 1 week's treatment. Secondary variables included serial 12-h FEV(1). A subset of patients (n = 37) participated in a pharmacokinetic analysis. All formoterol doses resulted in significant increases in 12-h AUC of FEV(1) compared with placebo, and there was no difference between active treatments. The onset of action of formoterol was <3 min for all active treatments. Doses of formoterol > or =10 microg via the Certihaler increased FEV(1) significantly for up to 12 h compared with placebo. The 5 microcg dose via the Certihaler and 12 microg dose via the Aerolizer had a significant effect up to 8 and 7 h post-dose, respectively. Urinary excretion of formoterol via the Certihaler increased in a dose-proportional manner. All formoterol doses were well tolerated, but some patients experienced tremor at the 15 and 30 microg doses. Despite the lack of significant differences between the active doses in the overall bronchodilation, formoterol 10 microg BID via the Certihaler was the dose that provided the best balance between efficacy and tolerability: its duration of action was sustained over 12 h, contrary to that the lower dose (5 microg BID), whereas its tolerability, especially with regard to tremor, was better than the higher doses (15 and 30 microg BID). Overall, Certihaler 10 microg BID was not significantly different from formoterol 12 microg BID via Aerolizer.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2012 00:45
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2013 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/6608

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