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Pimecrolimus: skin disposition after topical administration in minipigs in vivo and in human skin in vitro.

Gschwind, Hans-Peter and Waldmeier, Felix and Zollinger, Markus and Schweitzer, Alain and Grassberger, Maximilian (2008) Pimecrolimus: skin disposition after topical administration in minipigs in vivo and in human skin in vitro. European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 33 (1). pp. 9-19. ISSN 0928-0987

Abstract

The dermal disposition of pimecrolimus, a non-steroid, anti-inflammatory calcineurin inhibitor used for the treatment of atopic dermatitis, was evaluated in minipigs in vivo and in human skin in vitro using tritium-radiolabeled compound, and in dermal toxicokinetic investigations in minipigs using unlabeled compound. Following topical application of pimecrolimus 1% market form (MF) cream to minipig skin, approximately 2% of the dose penetrated into the stratum corneum and part of it into deeper skin layers. The remainder of the dose was recovered non-absorbed on the skin surface. The total systemic absorption was <or=0.8% of dose. Highest pimecrolimus blood concentrations (0.44 ng/mL) were reached between 2 and 6h post-end of topical application. Most of the absorbed drug was excreted as metabolites with feces. In human skin treated in vitro with pimecrolimus 1% MF cream for 24h, >or=94% of dose remained non-absorbed, 3.1% was found in the epidermis (including stratum corneum) and 2.9% in the dermis. There was no indication of metabolism of pimecrolimus in human skin in vitro or minipig skin in vivo. No drug accumulation was observed in minipig skin after up to 13 weeks of once daily topical application of 0.1% or 0.3% pimecrolimus cream.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2012 00:45
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2013 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/6576

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