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Regulation of ghrelin secretion by somatostatin analogs in rats.

Silva, Antonio and Bethmann-Rexha, Kerstin and Raulf, Friedrich and Schmid, Herbert (2005) Regulation of ghrelin secretion by somatostatin analogs in rats. European Journal of Endocrinology / European Federation of Endocrine Societies, 152 (6). pp. 887-894. ISSN 0804-4643

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Ghrelin is a hormone present in the plasma in two forms: octanoylated and des-octanoylated ghrelin. In pathophysiological conditions such as Prader-Willi syndrome and ghrelinoma, elevated ghrelin plasma levels are associated with pathological obesity. Clinical studies have shown that somatostatin downregulates ghrelin plasma levels in healthy volunteers. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two somatostatin analogues, SOM230 and octreotide, on ghrelin secretion in rats. METHODS: Ghrelin secretion was either unstimulated or stimulated by overnight fasting. Treatment with SOM230 and octreotide was either acute (s.c. injection 1 h before blood sampling) or prolonged (continuous s.c. infusion via 14-day osmotic minipumps). RESULTS: Acute treatment with octreotide dose-dependently inhibited unstimulated and stimulated secretion of total and active ghrelin. SOM230 (30 microg/kg) inhibited active ghrelin in fasted rats. Lower doses had no effect. After 7 days of treatment, active ghrelin was strongly inhibited by both compounds in fasted animals, with a stronger effect for octreotide. Lower inhibition was achieved in fed rats. After 14 days, the inhibition with octreotide in fasted rats was lower and SOM230 had no effect. Somatostatin receptor expression analysis in the rat glandular stomach revealed a predominant sst(1) and sst(2) expression, low expression of sst(3) and sst(4), and hardly detectable sst(5) mRNA expression. CONCLUSIONS: Somatostatin analogues may be useful for the inhibition of physiologically elevated ghrelin plasma levels. This inhibition appears to be mediated by sst(2) receptors in the rat, and desensitizes after 14 days of treatment.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing); 12 months embargo; On institutional or other online repositories; Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:57
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 01:12
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/606

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