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An integrated approach for the identification and target validation of anti-fungal compounds Active against Erg11p

Karkare, Shantanu and Hoepfner, Dominic and Pfeifer, Martin and Trunzer, Markus and De Bonnechose, Sophie and Zimmerlin, Alfred Gilbert and Tao, Jianshi and Richie, Daryl and Hofmann, Andreas and Reinker, Stefan and Frederiksen, Mathias and Movva, Rao and Porter, Jeffrey and Ryder, Neil and Parker, Christian (2012) An integrated approach for the identification and target validation of anti-fungal compounds Active against Erg11p. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 58 (8). pp. 4233-4240. ISSN 0066-4804

Abstract

Systemic life-threatening fungal infections represent a significant unmet medical need. Cell-based, phenotypic screening can be an effective means of discovering potential novel antifungal compounds, but it does not address target identification, normally required for compound optimization by medicinal chemistry. Here, we demonstrate a combination of screening, genetic, and biochemical approaches to identify and characterize novel antifungal compounds. We isolated a set of novel non-azole antifungal compounds for which no target or mechanism of action is known, using a screen for inhibition of Saccharomyces cerevisiae proliferation. Haploinsufficiency profiling of these compounds in S. cerevisiae suggests that they target Erg11p, a cytochrome P450 family member, which is the target of azoles. Consistent with this, metabolic profiling in S. cerevisiae revealed a buildup of the metabolic intermediates prior to Erg11p activity, following compound treatment. Further, human cytochrome P450 is also inhibited in in vitro assays by these compounds. We modeled the Erg11p protein based on the human CYP51 crystal structure, and in silico docking of these compounds suggests that they interact with the heme center in a manner similar to that of azoles. Consistent with these docking observations, Candida strains carrying azole-resistant alleles of ERG11 are also resistant to the compounds in this study. Thus, we have identified non-azole Erg11p inhibitors, using a systematic approach for ligand and target characterization.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: author cannot archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing
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Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2015 13:15
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 13:15
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/5800

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