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Optimized J to T peak and T peak to T end measurements in nonclinical species administered moxifloxacin and amiodarone.

Bartko, Theresa, Lutgen, Stephen, Ross, Rebecca, Walisser, Jacqueline, Garske, Eric, Kopelke, Kerry, Ashcroft-Hawley, Kelly, Tang, Hai-Ming, Kremer, John, Friedrichs, Gregory and Nichols, Jill (2024) Optimized J to T peak and T peak to T end measurements in nonclinical species administered moxifloxacin and amiodarone. Journal of pharmacological and toxicological methods. p. 107527. ISSN 1873-488X


Cardiovascular safety and the risk of developing the potentially fatal ventricular tachyarrhythmia, Torsades de Pointes (TdP), have long been major concerns of drug development. TdP is associated with a delayed ventricular repolarization represented by QT interval prolongation in the electrocardiogram (ECG), typically due to block of the potassium channel encoded by the human ether-a-go-go related gene (hERG). Importantly however, not all drugs that prolong the QT interval are torsadagenic and not all hERG blockers prolong the QT interval. Recent clinical reports suggest that partitioning the QT interval into early (J to T peak; JTp) and late repolarization (T peak to T end; TpTe) components may be valuable for distinguishing low-risk mixed ion channel blockers (hERG plus calcium and/or late sodium currents) from high-risk pure hERG channel blockers. This strategy, if true for nonclinical animal models, could be used to de-risk QT prolonging compounds earlier in the drug development process.To explore this, we investigated JTp and TpTe in ECG data collected from telemetered dogs and/or monkeys administered moxifloxacin or amiodarone at doses targeting relevant clinical exposures. An optimized placement of the Tpeak fiducial mark was utilized, and all intervals were corrected for heart rate (QTc, JTpc, TpTec).Increases in QTc and JTpc intervals with administration of the pure hERG blocker moxifloxacin and an initial QTc and JTpc shortening followed by prolongation with the mixed ion channel blocker amiodarone were detected as expected, aligning with clinical data. However, anticipated increases in TpTec by both standard agents were not detected.The inability to detect changes in TpTec reduces the utility of these subintervals for prediction of arrhythmias using continuous single‑lead ECGs collected from freely moving dogs and monkeys.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2024 00:46
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2024 00:46