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Strongly reduced alloreactivity and long-term survival times of cardiac allografts in Vav1- and Vav1/Vav2-knockout mice.

Weckbecker, Gisbert and Bruns, Christian and Fischer, Klaus-Dieter and Heusser, Christoph and Li, Jianping and Metzler, Barbara and Morris, Randall and Nuesslein-Hildesheim, Barbara and Raulf, Friedrich and Wieczorek, Grazyna and Zenke, Gerhard (2007) Strongly reduced alloreactivity and long-term survival times of cardiac allografts in Vav1- and Vav1/Vav2-knockout mice. Transplant international: official journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation, 20 (4). pp. 353-364. ISSN 0934-0874

Abstract

Vav proteins mediate T- and B-cell activation by functioning as GTP/GDP exchange factors for small GTPases. We have studied the role of Vav1 and Vav2 in allogeneic T-cell activation, antibody responses and allograft rejection. Alloantigen-induced proliferation of T cells from Vav1- and Vav1/Vav2-knockout (ko) mice was decreased by >90% in a mixed lymphocyte reaction. In whole-blood cultures, Vav deficiency led to markedly impaired T- and B-cell activation. Expansion of Vav1- or Vav1/Vav2-ko T cells (C57BL/6) was reduced after transfer into severe combined immune deficiency/beige recipient mice (BALB/c). After priming with 2,4-dinitrophenyl (DNP)-keyhole limpet hemocyanin, T-cell-dependent anti-DNP IgM and IgG antibody levels were normal in Vav1-ko mice but undetectable in Vav1/Vav2-ko mice. The median survival time of BALB/c cardiac allografts transplanted into C57BL/6 Vav1-ko mice (n = 13) or Vav1/Vav2-ko mice (n = 5) was >100 and >77 days, compared with 8-9 days in the corresponding wild-type mice. Vav1/Vav2-ko mice with <100 days graft survival developed bacterial skin infections and were prematurely killed with beating cardiac allograft. Long-term surviving transplants of single and double ko mice showed mild cellular interstitial rejection and mild to severe vascular remodeling. In conclusion, our studies show for the first time that the absence of Vav1 and Vav1/Vav2 in ko mice strongly reduces alloreactivity and results in long-term allograft survival, whereas antibody responses were only affected in Vav1/Vav2 ko mice.

Item Type: Article
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Keywords: Vav; alloreactivity; graft; T-cell; antibody; mouse
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:58
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 01:14
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/526

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