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Identifying chemical stabilizers - presenting a case study using a rapid 3-day accelerated excipient screening methodology.

Dhareshwar, Sundeep, Matharu, Amol and Cao, Yu(Jade) (2024) Identifying chemical stabilizers - presenting a case study using a rapid 3-day accelerated excipient screening methodology. AAPS PharmSciTech, 12 (25). ISSN 1530-9932


This study outlines a practical approach for assessing chemical instability by heating the drug-excipient binary mixtures or multi-excipient formulations at 75°C for 3 days before characterization. Differentiating itself from other excipient compatibility methods, our methodology necessitates a saturated aqueous slurry rather than arbitrarily fixed water content. This allows bulk and surface water in the excipient to contribute to drug degradation. The synergistic impact of surface water and elevated temperature expedites degradation kinetics, resulting in accelerated data generation. Among excipient compatibility methods available, our method is quantitative and merges with traditionally used methodologies. The devised nomograph enables extrapolation of shelf life at 20°C from experimental data obtained at 75°C. This methodology also helped identify stabilizers for the drug NVS-1 where traditional excipient compatibility programs had failed. Incorporation of monovalent salts, such as sodium/potassium chloride and sodium bicarbonate at 5% w/w, significantly enhanced the chemical stability of NVS-1, ensuring stable tablet formulations. Our hypothesis posits that stabilization is due to increased ionic strength in the slurry, which stabilizes an induced dipole within the polar NVS-1 drug. Additionally, the presence of ions in the moisture layer is anticipated to stabilize π-π stacking of two planar aromatic NVS-1 molecules. The expedited generation of experimental data allowed the identification of inorganic salts to supplement a standard excipient compatibility screening panel. Considering the economic implications of stability testing methodologies in effort, cost, and duration, a faster turnaround in chemical stability data enhances formulation selection. This ultimately facilitates the development of drug formulations with greater efficiency without delays.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2024 00:45
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2024 00:45


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