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Inhibiting WNT secretion reduces high bone mass caused by Sost loss-of-function or gain-of-function mutations in Lrp5.

Diegel, Cassandra R., Kramer, Ina, Moes, Charles Gerard, Foxa, Gabrielle E., McDonald, Mitchell J., Madaj, Zachary B., Guth-Gundel, Sabine, Liu, Jun, Harris, Jennifer L., Kneissel, Michaela and Williams, Bart O. (2023) Inhibiting WNT secretion reduces high bone mass caused by Sost loss-of-function or gain-of-function mutations in Lrp5. Bone research, 11 (1). p. 47. ISSN 2095-6231


Proper regulation of Wnt signaling is critical for normal bone development and homeostasis. Mutations in several Wnt signaling components, which increase the activity of the pathway in the skeleton, cause high bone mass in human subjects and mouse models. Increased bone mass is often accompanied by severe headaches from increased intracranial pressure, which can lead to fatality and loss of vision or hearing due to the entrapment of cranial nerves. In addition, progressive forehead bossing and mandibular overgrowth occur in almost all subjects. Treatments that would provide symptomatic relief in these subjects are limited. Porcupine-mediated palmitoylation is necessary for Wnt secretion and binding to the frizzled receptor. Chemical inhibition of porcupine is a highly selective method of Wnt signaling inhibition. We treated three different mouse models of high bone mass caused by aberrant Wnt signaling, including homozygosity for loss-of-function in Sost, which models sclerosteosis, and two strains of mice carrying different point mutations in Lrp5 (equivalent to human G171V and A214V), at 3 months of age with porcupine inhibitors for 5–6 weeks. Treatment significantly reduced both trabecular and cortical bone mass in all three models. This demonstrates that porcupine inhibition is potentially therapeutic for symptomatic relief in subjects who suffer from these disorders and further establishes that the continued production of Wnts is necessary for sustaining high bone mass in these models.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Animals Humans Mice Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing Bodily Secretions Disease Models, Animal Gain of Function Mutation Hyperostosis Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5 Mutation
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2023 00:45
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2023 00:45


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