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Exploratory Food Effect Assessment in Patients in Early Clinical Development of Oncology Drugs.

Ji, Yan, Tan, Eugene, Hengelage, Thomas, Quinlan, Michelle and Hendriks, Bart (2023) Exploratory Food Effect Assessment in Patients in Early Clinical Development of Oncology Drugs. Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, 114 (2). pp. 288-302. ISSN 1532-6535


Instructions for administration with regard to food are a key aspect of how patients experience oral drugs. Through potential effects on pharmacokinetics, the food condition can influence safety and efficacy, and thereby is one of many dimensions of dose optimization. Regulatory guidance from major health authorities advocates for the early investigation of food effect (FE) in clinical development. In oncology, exploratory FE (eFE) evaluation is often incorporated into the first-in-human (FIH) studies in patients to inform food condition of later clinical studies. However, the design aspects of such exploratory assessments are generally under-reported and barely described, and yet complex, due to uniqueness of FIH study design and drug development process in oncology. Herein, we review literature of eFE assessment study design in oncology in patients, and present the Novartis experience in the design, execution, and impact of eFE in FIH oncology studies from 2014 to 2021. Based on this, we propose a roadmap for eFE assessment in early clinical drug development for oncology drugs in patients, including a framework for common study design options with a focus on study- and patient-level timing for typical scenarios. We also provide a broad spectrum of decision-making factors which should be evaluated to drive the design and implementation of eFE assessment, spanning from clinical development strategy, FIH study design, to compound-specific features.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Humans Medical Oncology Research Design Delivery of Health Care
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2023 00:46
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 00:46


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