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Comparative study for the IMI2-NeuroDeRisk project on microelectrode arrays to derisk drug-induced seizure liability.

Zhai, Jin, Traebert, Martin, Zimmermann, Kurt, Delaunois, Annie, Royer, Leandro, Salvagiotto, Giorgia, Carlson, Coby and Lagrutta, Armando (2023) Comparative study for the IMI2-NeuroDeRisk project on microelectrode arrays to derisk drug-induced seizure liability. Journal of pharmacological and toxicological methods. p. 107297. ISSN 10.1016


In the framework of the IMI2-NeuroDeRisk consortium, three in vitro electrophysiology assays were compared to improve preclinical prediction of seizure-inducing liabilities.Two cell models, primary rat cortical neurons and human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived glutamatergic neurons co-cultured with hiPSC-derived astrocytes were tested on two different microelectrode array (MEA) platforms, Maestro Pro (Axion Biosystems) and Multiwell-MEA-System (Multi Channel Systems), in three separate laboratories. Pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) and/or picrotoxin (PTX) were included in each plate as positive (n = 3-6 wells) and ≤0.2% DMSO was used as negative controls (n = 3-12 wells). In general, concentrations in a range of 0.1-30 μM were tested, anchored, when possible, on clinically relevant exposures (unbound Cmax) were tested. Activity thresholds for drug-induced changes were set at 20%. To evaluate sensitivity, specificity and predictivity of the cell models, seizurogenic responses were defined as changes in 4 or more endpoints. Concentration dependence trends were also considered.Neuronal activity of 33 compounds categorized as positive tool drugs, seizure-positive or seizure-negative compounds was evaluated. Acute drug effects (<60 min) were compared to baseline recordings. Time points < 15 min exhibited stronger, less variable responses to many of the test agents. For many compounds a reduction and cessation of neuronal activity was detected at higher test concentrations. There was not a single pattern of seizurogenic activity detected, even among tool compounds, likely due to different mechanisms of actions and/or off-target profiles. A post-hoc analysis focusing on changes indicative of neuronal excitation is presented.All cell models showed good sensitivity, ranging from 70 to 86%. Specificity ranged from 40 to 70%. Compared to more conventional measurements of evoked activity in hippocampal slices, these plate-based models provide higher throughput and the potential to study subacute responses. Yet, they may be limited by the random, spontaneous nature of their network activity.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2023 00:46
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2023 00:46