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Unambiguous Identification of Glucose-Induced Glycation in mAbs and other Proteins by NMR Spectroscopy.

Moises, Jennifer E, Regl, Christof, Hinterholzer, Arthur, Huber, Christian and Schubert, Mario (2022) Unambiguous Identification of Glucose-Induced Glycation in mAbs and other Proteins by NMR Spectroscopy. Pharmaceutical research. ISSN 1573-904X


Glycation is a non-enzymatic and spontaneous post-translational modification (PTM) generated by the reaction between reducing sugars and primary amine groups within proteins. Because glycation can alter the properties of proteins, it is a critical quality attribute of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and should therefore be carefully monitored. The most abundant product of glycation is formed by glucose and lysine side chains resulting in fructoselysine after Amadori rearrangement. In proteomics, which routinely uses a combination of chromatography and mass spectrometry to analyze PTMs, there is no straight-forward way to distinguish between glycation products of a reducing monosaccharide and an additional hexose within a glycan, since both lead to a mass difference of 162 Da.To verify that the observed mass change is indeed a glycation product, we developed an approach based on 2D NMR spectroscopy spectroscopy and full-length protein samples denatured using high concentrations of deuterated urea.The dominating β-pyranose form of the Amadori product shows a characteristic chemical shift correlation pattern in 1H-13C HSQC spectra suited to identify glucose-induced glycation. The same pattern was observed in spectra of a variety of artificially glycated proteins, including two mAbs, as well as natural proteins.Based on this unique correlation pattern, 2D NMR spectroscopy can be used to unambiguously identify glucose-induced glycation in any protein of interest. We provide a robust method that is orthogonal to MS-based methods and can also be used for cross-validation.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Glycation, NMR, mAb,
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2023 00:45
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2023 00:45


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