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Preclinical characterization of the Toll-like receptor 7/8 antagonist MHV370 for lupus therapy.

Hawtin, Stuart, Andre, Cedric Bernard, Collignon Zipfel, Geraldine, Appenzeller, Simone, Bettina, Bannert, Baumgartner, Lea, Beck, Damian, Betschart, Claudia, Boulay, Thomas, Hermine, Brunner, Ceci, Melanie, Jonathan, Deane, Feifel, Roland, Ferrero, Enrico, Diego, Kyburz, Lafossas, Frederique, Loetscher, Pius, Merz-Stoeckle, Christina, Pierre, Michellys, Nuesslein-Hildesheim, Barbara, Raulf, Friedrich, James, Rush, Ruzzante, Giulia, Stein, Thomas, Zaharevitz, Samantha, Wieczorek, Grazyna, Siegel, Richard, Gergely, Peter, Shisha, Tamas and Junt, Tobias (2023) Preclinical characterization of the Toll-like receptor 7/8 antagonist MHV370 for lupus therapy. Cell reports. Medicine, 4 (5). p. 101036. ISSN 2666-3791


Genetic and in vivo evidence suggests that aberrant recognition of RNA-containing autoantigens by Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 7 and 8 drives autoimmune diseases. Here we report on the preclinical characterization of MHV370, a selective oral TLR7/8 inhibitor. In vitro, MHV370 inhibits TLR7/8-dependent production of cytokines in human and mouse cells, notably interferon-α, a clinically validated driver of autoimmune diseases. Moreover, MHV370 abrogates B cell, plasmacytoid dendritic cell, monocyte, and neutrophil responses downstream of TLR7/8. In vivo, prophylactic or therapeutic administration of MHV370 blocks secretion of TLR7 responses, including cytokine secretion, B cell activation, and gene expression of, e.g., interferon-stimulated genes. In the NZB/W F1 mouse model of lupus, MHV370 halts disease. Unlike hydroxychloroquine, MHV370 potently blocks interferon responses triggered by specific immune complexes from systemic lupus erythematosus patient sera, suggesting differentiation from clinical standard of care. These data support advancement of MHV370 to an ongoing phase 2 clinical trial.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Humans Mice Animals Toll-Like Receptor 7 Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic Autoimmune Diseases Hydroxychloroquine Interferons
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2023 00:45
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2023 00:45