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Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 3 Trial of PI3Kδ Inhibitor Leniolisib for Activated PI3Kδ Syndrome.

Rao, V. Koneti, Webster, Sharon, Sediva, Anna, Plebani, Alessandro, Schuetz, Catharina, Shcherbina, Anna, Conlon, Niall, Coulter, Tanya, Dalm, Virgil A., Trizzino, Antonino, Zharankova, Yulia, Kulm, Elaine, Körholz, Julia, Lougaris, Vassilios, Rodina, Yulia, Radford, Kathryn, Bradt, Jason, Kucher, Klaus, Relan, Anurag, Holland, Steven, Lenardo, Michael J. and Uzel, Gulbu (2022) Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 3 Trial of PI3Kδ Inhibitor Leniolisib for Activated PI3Kδ Syndrome. Blood. ISSN 1528-0020


Activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta syndrome (APDS) is an inborn error of immunity with clinical manifestations including infections, lymphoproliferation, autoimmunity, enteropathy, bronchiectasis, increased risk of lymphoma, and early mortality. Hyperactive PI3Kδ signaling causes APDS and is selectively targeted with leniolisib, an oral, small molecule inhibitor of PI3Kδ. Here, 31 patients with APDS aged ≥12 years were enrolled in a global, phase 3, triple-blinded trial and randomized 2:1 to receive 70-mg leniolisib or placebo twice daily for 12 weeks. Co-primary outcomes were differences from baseline in index lymph node size and in percentage of naïve B cells in peripheral blood, assessed as proxies for immune dysregulation and deficiency. Both primary outcomes were met: the difference in the adjusted mean change (95% CI) between leniolisib and placebo for lymph node size was -0.25 (-0.38, -0.12; P=0.0006; N=26) and for percentage of naïve B cells was 37.30 (24.06, 50.54; P=0.0002; N=13). Leniolisib reduced spleen volume compared to placebo (adjusted mean difference in 3-dimensional volume [cm3], -186; 95% CI, -297 to -76.2; P=0.0020) and improved key immune cell subsets. Fewer patients receiving leniolisib reported study treatment-related adverse events (mostly grades 1-2) compared to those receiving placebo (23.8% vs 30.0%). Overall, leniolisib was well tolerated and significant improvement over placebo was notable in the co-primary endpoints, reducing lymphadenopathy and increasing the percentage of naïve B cells, reflecting a favorable impact on the immune dysregulation and deficiency seen in patients with APDS. (Funded by DIR/NIAID, Novartis, and Pharming Group, NV; identifier: NCT02435173.).

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2022 00:46
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2022 00:46


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