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Fluorescent Biosensor for Measuring Ras Activity in Living Cells.

Weeks, Ryan, Zhou, Xin, Yuan, Tina and Zhang, Jin (2022) Fluorescent Biosensor for Measuring Ras Activity in Living Cells. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 144 (38). pp. 17432-17440. ISSN 1520-5126


The small GTPase Ras is a critical regulator of cell growth and proliferation. Its activity is frequently dysregulated in cancers, prompting decades of work to pharmacologically target Ras. Understanding Ras biology and developing effective Ras therapeutics both require probing Ras activity in its native context, yet tools to measure its activities in cellulo are limited. Here, we developed a ratiometric Ras activity reporter (RasAR) that provides quantitative measurement of Ras activity in living cells with high spatiotemporal resolution. We demonstrated that RasAR can probe live-cell activities of all the primary isoforms of Ras. Given that the functional roles of different isoforms of Ras are intimately linked to their subcellular distribution and regulation, we interrogated the spatiotemporal regulation of Ras utilizing subcellularly targeted RasAR and uncovered the role of Src kinase as an upstream regulator to inhibit HRas. Furthermore, we showed that RasAR enables capture of KRasG12C inhibition dynamics in living cells upon treatment with KRasG12C covalent inhibitors, including ARS1620, Sotorasib, and Adagrasib. We found in living cells a residual Ras activity lingers for hours in the presence of these inhibitors. Together, RasAR represents a powerful molecular tool to enable live-cell interrogation of Ras activity and facilitate the development of Ras inhibitors.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Acetonitriles Biosensing Techniques Monomeric GTP-Binding Proteins Piperazines Protein Isoforms Pyrimidines src-Family Kinases
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2022 00:46
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 00:46


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