Browse views: by Year, by Function, by GLF, by Subfunction, by Conference, by Journal

Breast cancer as an example of tumour heterogeneity and tumour cell plasticity during malignant progression

Lüönd, Fabiana, Tiede, Stefanie and Christofori, Gerhard (2021) Breast cancer as an example of tumour heterogeneity and tumour cell plasticity during malignant progression. British journal of cancer, 125 (2). pp. 164-175. ISSN 1532-1827


Heterogeneity within a tumour increases its ability to adapt to constantly changing constraints, but adversely affects a patient's prognosis, therapy response and clinical outcome. Intratumoural heterogeneity results from a combination of extrinsic factors from the tumour microenvironment and intrinsic parameters from the cancer cells themselves, including their genetic, epigenetic and transcriptomic traits, their ability to proliferate, migrate and invade, and their stemness and plasticity attributes. Cell plasticity constitutes the ability of cancer cells to rapidly reprogramme their gene expression repertoire, to change their behaviour and identities, and to adapt to microenvironmental cues. These features also directly contribute to tumour heterogeneity and are critical for malignant tumour progression. In this article, we use breast cancer as an example of the origins of tumour heterogeneity (in particular, the mutational spectrum and clonal evolution of progressing tumours) and of tumour cell plasticity (in particular, that shown by tumour cells undergoing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition), as well as considering interclonal cooperativity and cell plasticity as sources of cancer cell heterogeneity. We review current knowledge on the functional contribution of cell plasticity and tumour heterogeneity to malignant tumour progression, metastasis formation and therapy resistance.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2022 00:45
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2022 00:45


Email Alerts

Register with OAK to receive email alerts for saved searches.