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Genotoxicity evaluation of a valsartan-related complex N-nitroso-impurity

Glowienke, Susanne, Onken, Ulrich, Muthusamy, sasikumar, Elhajouji, Azeddine, Sangana, Ramachandra, Martus, Hans-Joerg, Bedman, Timothy and Hartmann, Andreas (2022) Genotoxicity evaluation of a valsartan-related complex N-nitroso-impurity. Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology.


Recently, the formation of genotoxic and carcinogenic N-nitrosamines impurities during drug manufacturing has been described. However, drug-related (complex) nitrosamines may also be generated under certain conditions, i.e., through nitrosation of vulnerable amines in drug substances in the presence of nitrite. An investigation of valsartan drug substance showed that a complex API-related N-nitrosamine chemically designated as (S)-2-(((2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)methyl)(nitroso)amino)-3-methylbutanoic acid (named 181-14) may be generated. 181-14 was shown to be devoid of a mutagenic potential in the Ames test. According to ICH M7 (R1) (2018), impurities that are not mutagenic in the Ames test would be considered Class 5 impurities and limited according to ICH Q3A and B (R2) (2006) guidelines. However, certain regulatory authorities raised the concern that the Ames test may not be sufficiently sensitive to detect a mutagenic potential of nitrosamines and requested a confirmatory in vivo study using a transgenic animal genotoxicitymodel. Our data show that 181-14 was not mutagenic in the transgenic gene mutation assay in MutaTMMice. The data support the conclusion that the Ames test is an adequate and sensitive test system to assess a mutagenic potential of nitrosamines.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2022 00:45
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2022 00:45


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