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2-(1-adamantyl)-4-(thio)chromenone-6-carboxylic acids: potent reversible inhibitors of human steroid sulfatase.

Horvath, Amarylla and Nussbaumer, Peter and Wolkin, Barbara and Billich, Andreas (2004) 2-(1-adamantyl)-4-(thio)chromenone-6-carboxylic acids: potent reversible inhibitors of human steroid sulfatase. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 47 (17). pp. 4268-4276. ISSN 0022-2623

Abstract

Steroid sulfatase (STS) is an attractive target for the potential therapy of a number of estrogen- and androgen-dependent disorders. Most potent STS inhibitors known so far act as irreversible enzyme blockers and feature an aryl sulfamate moiety; even minor modifications at the sulfamate group result in drastically decreased activity. On the basis of a recently reported subclass of highly potent STS inhibitors, i.e., chromenone sulfamates, we now extended the investigation of structure-activity relationships to hitherto unstudied sulfamate replacements. Thereby, we discovered 2-(1-adamantyl)-4-(thio)chromenone-6-carboxylic acids (5d and 5j) as potent, reversible inhibitors of STS. In a cell-free system using purified human STS, both new inhibitors show similar Ki values (0.50 microM and 0.53 microM, respectively). However, the thio analogue 5j is superior to 5d (IC50 = 0.18 microM versus 9.4 microM) in a cellular assay system using CHO cells overexpressing STS. Compound 5j is an example of a reversible STS inhibitor with potent activity toward the target enzyme in a cellular test system. Moreover, 5d,j are stable and have no estrogenic potential.

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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 14:07
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 01:31
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/46

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