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Pharmacokinetics of asciminib in the presence of CYP3A or P-gp inhibitors, CYP3A inducers, and acid-reducing agents.

Hoch, Matthias, Huth, Felix, SATO, MASAHIKO, Sengupta, Tirtha, Quinlan, Michelle, Dodd, Stephanie, Kapoor, Shruti and Hourcade-Potelleret, Florence (2022) Pharmacokinetics of asciminib in the presence of CYP3A or P-gp inhibitors, CYP3A inducers, and acid-reducing agents. Clinical and Translational Science. ISSN 1752-80541752-8062


Asciminib is a first-in-class inhibitor of BCR::ABL1, specifically targeting the ABL myristoyl pocket. Asciminib is a substrate of CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and possesses pH-dependent solubility in aqueous solution. This report summarizes the results of two phase I studies in healthy subjects aimed at assessing the impact of CYP3A and P-gp inhibitors, CYP3A inducers and acid-reducing agents (ARAs) on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of asciminib (single dose of 40 mg). Asciminib exposure (area under the curve [AUC]) unexpectedly decreased by ~40% when administered concomitantly with the strong CYP3A inhibitor itraconazole oral solution, whereas maximum plasma concentration (Cmax ) decreased by ~50%. However, asciminib exposure was slightly increased in subjects receiving an itraconazole capsule (~3%) or clarithromycin (~35%), another strong CYP3A inhibitor. Macroflux studies showed that cyclodextrin (present in high quantities as excipient [40-fold excess to itraconazole] in the oral solution formulation of itraconazole) decreased asciminib flux through a lipid membrane by ~80%. The AUC of asciminib was marginally decreased by concomitant administration with the strong CYP3A inducer rifampicin (by ~13-15%) and the strong P-gp inhibitor quinidine (by ~13-16%). Concomitant administration of the ARA rabeprazole had little or no effect on asciminib AUC, with a 9% decrease in Cmax . The treatments were generally well tolerated. Taking into account the large therapeutic window of asciminib, the observed changes in asciminib PK following multiple doses of P-gp, CYP3A inhibitors, CYP3A inducers, or ARAs are not considered to be clinically meaningful. Care should be exercised when administering asciminib concomitantly with cyclodextrin-containing drug formulations.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2022 00:45
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2022 00:45


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