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Extending the pathway analysis framework with a test for transcriptional variance implicates novel pathway modulation during myogenic differentiation.

Kemp, Daniel and Nirmala, Nanguneri and Szustakowski, Joseph (2007) Extending the pathway analysis framework with a test for transcriptional variance implicates novel pathway modulation during myogenic differentiation. Bioinformatics, 23 (11). pp. 1356-1362. ISSN 1460-2059

Abstract

MOTIVATION: We describe an extension of the pathway-based enrichment approach for analyzing microarray data via a robust test for transcriptional variance. The use of a variance test is intended to identify additional patterns of transcriptional regulation in which many genes in a pathway are up- and down-regulated. Such patterns may be indicative of the reciprocal regulation of pathway activators and inhibitors or of the differential regulation of separate biological sub-processes and should extend the number of detectable patterns of transcriptional modulation. RESULTS: We validated this new statistical approach on a microarray experiment that captures the temporal transcriptional profile of muscle differentiation in mouse C2C12 cells. Comparisons of the transcriptional state of myoblasts and differentiated myotubes via a robust variance test implicated several novel pathways in muscle cell differentiation previously overlooked by a standard enrichment analysis. Specifically, pathways involved in cell structure, calcium-mediated signaling and muscle-specific signaling were identified as differentially modulated based on their increased transcriptional variance. These biologically relevant results validate this approach and demonstrate the flexible nature of pathway-based methods of data analysis. AVAILABILITY: The software is available as Supplementary Material.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing); Publisher version cannot be used except for Nucleic Acids Research articles
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 13:59
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2009 13:59
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/450

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