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Optical cryomicroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry of buffer solutions containing cryoprotectants

Hauptmann, Astrid, Hoelzl, Georg and Loerting, Thomas (2021) Optical cryomicroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry of buffer solutions containing cryoprotectants. European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, Volume. pp. 127-140. ISSN 09396411


In the pharmaceutical industry, cryoprotectants are added to buffer formulations to protect the active pharmaceutical ingredient from freeze- and thaw damage. We investigated the freezing and thawing of aqueous sodium citrate buffer with various cryoprotectants, specifically amino acids (cysteine, histidine, arginine, proline and lysine), disaccharides (trehalose and sucrose), polyhydric alcohols (glycerol and mannitol) and surfactants (polysorbate 20 and polysorbate 80). Hereby, we employed optical cryomicroscopy in combination with differential scanning calorimetry in the temperature range to −80 °C. The effect of cryoprotectants on the morphology of the ice crystals, the glass transition temperature and the initial melting temperature is presented. Some of the cryoprotectants have a significant impact on ice crystal size. Disaccharides restrict ice crystal growth, whereas surfactants and glycerol allow ice crystals to increase in size. Cysteine and mannitol cause dehydration after thawing. Either one or two glass transition temperatures were detected, where arginine, surfactants, glycerol, proline and lysine suppress the second, implying a uniform freeze-concentrated solution. The initial melting temperature of pure buffer solution can be shifted up by adding mannitol, both disaccharides and both surfactants; but down by glycerol, proline and lysine.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2021 00:45
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2021 00:45


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