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Multi-Species Phenotypic Screening across Disease Models of Mucolipidosis Type IV

Hadjikyriacou, Andrea, Concannon, John, Sigoillot, Frederic, Antczak, Christophe, Jenkins, Jeremy, Nyfeler, Beat, Jain, Rishi, Tallarico, John and Canham, Steve (2021) Multi-Species Phenotypic Screening across Disease Models of Mucolipidosis Type IV. BioRxiv.

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Invertebrate model organisms (the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans and the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster) are valuable tools to bridge the gap between traditional in vitro discovery and preclinical animal models. Invertebrate model organisms are poised to serve as better disease models than 2D cellular monocultures for drug discovery, as well as easier and more cost-effective to scale up than 3D organoids/assembloids or co-cultures. A strength of model organisms is the opportunity to probe conserved biology such as lysosomal function and autophagy in a physiological setting. However, invertebrate models are not without pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic challenges, such as poor tissue penetration and confidence in a compound’s mechanism of action. To confront those challenges, we took advantage of the Novartis mechanism-of-action box (MoA Box), a compound library of well-annotated and drug-like chemical probes. Curious as to how the MoA Box, comprised of chemical probes optimized for mammalian targets, would fare in an invertebrate setting we screened the MoA Box across three different models of the lysosomal storage disease mucolipidosis Type IV (MLIV). MLIV is caused by mutations in the lysosomal transient receptor potential ion channel mucolipin-1 (TRPML1) resulting in hyper-acidic lysosomes and dysregulated autophagy. The overlap of screening hits from worm, fly, and patient fibroblast screens identified cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibition as an evolutionarily conserved disease modifier and potential drug repurposing strategy.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: model organisms, lysosomal storage diseases, mucolipidosis IV, chemical genetics, phenotypic screening, drug discovery
Date Deposited: 04 May 2021 00:45
Last Modified: 04 May 2021 00:45


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