Browse views: by Year, by Function, by GLF, by Subfunction, by Conference, by Journal

Orally administered branaplam does not impact neurogenesis in juvenile mice, rats, and dogs

Hartmann, Andreas, Darribat, Katy, Doelemeyer, Arno, Valdez, Reginald, Schneider, Marilynn, Sivasankaran, Rajeev and Theil, Diethilde (2021) Orally administered branaplam does not impact neurogenesis in juvenile mice, rats, and dogs. Biol Open, Volume (Issue ).


Branaplam is a therapeutic agent currently in clinical development for the treatment of infants with type 1 spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Since preclinical studies showed that branaplam had cell-cycle arrest effects; we sought to determine whether branaplam may affect postnatal cerebellar development and brain neurogenesis. Here, we describe a novel approach for developmental neurotoxicity testing (DNT) of a central nervous system (CNS) active drug . The effects of orally administered branaplam were evaluated in the SMA neonatal mouse model (SMN∆7), and in juvenile Wistar Hanover rats and Beagle dogs. Histopathological examination and complementary immunohistochemical studies focused on areas of neurogenesis in the cerebellum (mice, rats, and dogs), and the subventricular zone of the striatum and dentate gyrus (rats and dogs) using antibodies directed against Ki67, phosphorylated histone H3, cleaved caspase-3, and glial fibrillary acidic protein. Additionally, image analysis based quantification of calbindin-D28k and Ki67 was performed in rats and dogs. The patterns of cell proliferation and apoptosis, and neural migration and innervation in the cerebellum and other brain regions of active adult neurogenesis did not differ between branaplam- and control-treated animals. Quantitative image analysis did not reveal any changes in calbindin-D28k and Ki67 expression in rats and dogs. The data show that orally administered branaplam has no impact on neurogenesis in juvenile animals. Application of selected immunohistochemical stainings in combination with quantitative image analysis on a few critical areas of postnatal CNS development offer a reliable approach to assess DNT of CNS-active drug candidates in juvenile animal toxicity studies.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2021 00:45
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2021 00:45


Email Alerts

Register with OAK to receive email alerts for saved searches.