Browse views: by Year, by Function, by GLF, by Subfunction, by Conference, by Journal

In vitro and in vivo pharmacological characterization of 5-[(R)-2-(5,6-diethyl-indan-2-ylamino)-1-hydroxy-ethyl]-8-hydroxy-1H-quinolin-2-one (indacaterol), a novel inhaled beta(2) adrenoceptor agonist with a 24-h duration of action.

Battram, Cliff and Charlton, Steven and Cuenoud, Bernard and Dowling, Mark and Fairhurst, Robin and Farr, David Colin and Fozard, John R. and Leighton-Davies, Juliet and Lewis, Christine A and McEvoy, Lorraine and Turner, Robert and Trifilieff, Alexandre (2006) In vitro and in vivo pharmacological characterization of 5-[(R)-2-(5,6-diethyl-indan-2-ylamino)-1-hydroxy-ethyl]-8-hydroxy-1H-quinolin-2-one (indacaterol), a novel inhaled beta(2) adrenoceptor agonist with a 24-h duration of action. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 317 (2). pp. 762-770. ISSN 0022-3565

Abstract

Here, we describe the preclinical pharmacological profile of 5-[(R)-2-(5,6-diethyl-indan-2-ylamino)-1-hydroxy-ethyl]-8-hydroxy-1H-quinolin-2-one (indacaterol), a novel, chirally pure inhaled beta(2) adrenoceptor agonist, in comparison with marketed drugs. Indacaterol is close to a full agonist at the human beta(2) adrenoceptor (E(max) = 73 +/- 1% of the maximal effect of isoprenaline; pEC(50) = 8.06 +/- 0.02), whereas salmeterol displays only partial efficacy (38 +/- 1%). The functional selectivity profile of indacaterol over beta(1) human adrenoceptors is similar to that of formoterol, whereas its beta(3) adrenoceptor selectivity profile is similar to that of formoterol and salbutamol. In isolated superfused guinea pig trachea, indacaterol has a fast onset of action (30 +/- 4 min) similar to formoterol and salbutamol, and a long duration of action (529 +/- 99 min) comparable with salmeterol. In the conscious guinea pig, when given intratracheally as a dry powder, indacaterol inhibits 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced bronchoconstriction for at least 24 h, whereas salmeterol, formoterol, and salbutamol have durations of action of 12, 4, and 2 h, respectively. When given via nebulization to anesthetized rhesus monkeys, all of the compounds dose-dependently inhibit methacholine-induced bronchoconstriction, although indacaterol produces the most prolonged bronchoprotective effect and induces the lowest increase in heart rate for a similar degree of antibronchoconstrictor activity. In conclusion, the preclinical profile of indacaterol suggests that this compound has a superior duration of action compatible with once-daily dosing in human, together with a fast onset of action and an improved cardiovascular safety profile over marketed inhaled beta(2) adrenoceptor agonists.

Item Type: Article
Related URLs:
Additional Information: author cannot archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing)
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 14:00
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2009 14:00
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/438

Search

Email Alerts

Register with OAK to receive email alerts for saved searches.