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The positive allosteric modulator GS39783 enhances GABA(B) receptor-mediated inhibition of cyclic AMP formation in rat striatum in vivo.

Gjoni, Tina and Desrayaud, Sandrine and Imobersteg, Stefan and Urwyler, Stephan (2006) The positive allosteric modulator GS39783 enhances GABA(B) receptor-mediated inhibition of cyclic AMP formation in rat striatum in vivo. Journal of Neurochemistry, 96 (5). pp. 1416-1422. ISSN 0022-3042

Abstract

We studied the effects of the positive allosteric modulator GS39783 on GABA(B) receptors at a biochemical level in vivo. Changes in extracellular levels of cyclic AMP following GABA(B) receptor activation were monitored in the striatum of freely moving rats using microdialysis. Locally applied GABA(B) agonist R(-)-baclofen inhibited cyclic AMP formation stimulated by a water-soluble forskolin analogue in a concentration-dependent manner (EC50 7.3 microM, maximal inhibition 40%). The selective GABA(B) antagonist CGP56999 reversed R(-)-baclofen-induced cyclic AMP inhibition to control levels, but not higher. Orally applied GS39783 lacked effects on its own but, together with a threshold concentration of R(-)-baclofen (1 microM), significantly decreased cyclic AMP formation in a dose-dependent fashion. Effects of GS39783 were revoked with CGP56999, showing dependence on GABA(B) receptor activation and suggesting allosteric modulation as a mechanism of action in vivo. Administered with a maximally active dose of R(-)-baclofen, GS39783 failed to further inhibit cyclic AMP formation. The data obtained with CGP56999 and the lack of effect of GS39783 alone suggest that there is no detectable endogenous activation of GABA(B) receptors controlling cyclic AMP formation in rat striatum. To our knowledge, these results provide the first biochemical demonstration of in vivo activity of a G protein-coupled receptor-positive allosteric modulator.

Item Type: Article
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Keywords: allosteric modulation; cyclic AMP; γ-aminobutyric acidB receptor; GS39783; in vivo microdialysis; R(–)-baclofen
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Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 14:00
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2009 14:00
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/437

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