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Rivastigmine in Parkinson's Disease Dementia with Orthostatic Hypotension

Espay, Alberto J, Marsili, Luca, Mahajan, Abhimanyu, Sturchio, Andrea, Pathan, Rashid Khan, Pilotto, Andrea, Solai Elango, Damodaran, Pezous, Nicole, Masellis, Mario and Gomez-Mancilla, Baltazar (2020) Rivastigmine in Parkinson's Disease Dementia with Orthostatic Hypotension. Annals of Neurology. ISSN 1531-8249


Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate if the cognitive benefit of rivastigmine is affected by the presence of orthostatic hypotension (OH) in patients with Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD). Methods: We conducted a post hoc analysis on 1,047 patients with PDD from 2 randomized controlled trials comparing rivastigmine versus placebo at week 24 (n = 501) and rivastigmine patch versus capsule at week 76 (n = 546). A drop ≥ 20 mm Hg in systolic blood pressure (SBP) or ≥ 10 in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) upon standing classified subjects as OH positive (OH+); otherwise, OH negative (OH-). The primary end point was the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - Cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog) at week 24 and the Mattis Dementia Rating Scale (MDRS) at week 76, using intention-to-treat with retrieved dropout at week 24 and observed cases at week 76, consistent with the original analyses. Results: Overall safety was comparable between OH+ (n = 288, 27.5%) and OH- (n = 730, 69.7%), except for higher frequency of syncope (9.2%) in the OH+ placebo arm. The placebo-adjusted effect of rivastigmine on ADAS-Cog at week 24 was 5.6 ± 1.2 for OH+ and 1.9 ± 0.9 in OH- (p = 0.0165). Among subjects with OH, the MDRS change from baseline at week 76 was higher for rivastigmine capsules versus patch (10.6 ± 2.9 vs -1.5 ± 3.0, p = 0.031). The overall prevalence of OH was lower for rivastigmine than placebo at week 24 (28.3% vs 44.6%, p = 0.0476). Interpretation: The cognitive benefit from rivastigmine is larger in patients with PDD with OH, possibly mediated by a direct antihypotensive effect.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2020 00:45
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2020 00:45