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An integrated assessment of the ADME properties of the CDK4/6 Inhibitor ribociclib utilizing preclinical in vitro, in vivo and human ADME data.

James, Alexander David and Schiller, Hilmar and Marvalin, Cyrille and Jin, Yi and Borell, Hubert and Roffel, Ad and Glaenzel, Ulrike and Ji, Yan and Camenisch, Gian P. (2020) An integrated assessment of the ADME properties of the CDK4/6 Inhibitor ribociclib utilizing preclinical in vitro, in vivo and human ADME data. Pharmacology Research & Perspectives, 8 (3). ISSN 2052-17072052-1707

Abstract

Ribociclib (LEE011, Kisqali ®) is a highly selective small molecule inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6), which has been approved for the treatment of advanced or metastatic breast cancer. A human ADME study was conducted in healthy male volunteers following a single oral dose of 600 mg [14C]-ribociclib. Mass balance, blood and plasma radioactivity, and plasma ribociclib concentrations were measured. Metabolite profiling and identification was conducted in plasma, urine and feces. An assessment integrating the human ADME results with relevant in vitro and in vivo non-clinical data was conducted to provide an estimate of the relative contributions of various clearance pathways of the compound. Ribociclib is moderately to highly absorbed across species (approx. 59% in human), and is extensively metabolized in vivo, predominantly by oxidative pathways mediated by CYP3A4 (ultimately forming N-demethylated metabolite M4) and, to a lesser extent, by FMO3 (N-hydroxylated metabolite M13). It is extensively distributed in rats, based on QWBA data, and is eliminated rapidly from most tissues with the exception of melanin-containing structures. Ribociclib passed the placental barrier in rats and rabbits and into milk of lactating rats. In human 69.1% and 22.6% of the radiolabeled dose was excreted in feces and urine, respectively, with 17.3% and 6.75% of the 14C dose attributable to ribociclib, respectively. The remainder was attributed to numerous metabolites. Taking into account all available data, ribociclib is estimated to be eliminated by hepatic metabolism (approx. 84% of total), renal excretion (7%), intestinal excretion (8%) and biliary elimination (1%).

Item Type: Article
Keywords: ADME, human, Kisquali, preclinical, Ribociclib
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2020 00:45
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2020 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/42376

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