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LGR5 controls extracellular matrix production by stem cells in the developing intestine

Fernandez Vallone, Valeria and Leprovots, Morgane and Gerbier, Romain and Ribatallada-Soriano, Didac and Lefort, Anne and Libert, Frederick and Vassart, Gilbert and Garcia, Marie-Isabelle (2020) LGR5 controls extracellular matrix production by stem cells in the developing intestine. EMBO Reports, 21 (7). ISSN 14693178

Abstract

The Lgr5 receptor is a marker of intestinal stem cells (ISCs) that regulates Wnt/b-catenin signaling. In this study, phenotype analysis of knockin/knockout Lgr5-eGFP-IRES-Cre and Lgr5-DTReGFP embryos reveals that Lgr5 deficiency during Wnt-mediated cytodifferentiation results in amplification of ISCs and early differentiation into Paneth cells, which can be counteracted by in utero treatment with the Wnt inhibitor LGK974. Conditional ablation of Lgr5 postnatally, but not in adults, alters stem cell fate toward the Paneth lineage. Together, these in vivo studies suggest that Lgr5 is part of a feedback loop to adjust the Wnt tone in ISCs. Moreover, transcriptome analyses reveal that Lgr5 controls fetal ISC maturation associated with acquisition of a definitive stable epithelial phenotype, as well as the capacity of ISCs to generate their own extracellular matrix. Finally, using the ex vivo culture system, evidences are provided that Lgr5 antagonizes the Rspondin 2-Wnt-mediated response in ISCs in organoids, revealing a sophisticated regulatory process for Wnt signaling in ISCs.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: development Lgr5 organoids Rspondins stem cells
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2021 00:45
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2021 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/42357

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