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Lipid21: Complex Lipid Membrane Simulations with AMBER.

Dickson, Callum, Walker, Ross and Gould, Ian (2022) Lipid21: Complex Lipid Membrane Simulations with AMBER. Journal of chemical theory and computation. ISSN 1549-9626


We extend the modular AMBER lipid force field to include anionic lipids, polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) lipids, and sphingomyelin, allowing the simulation of realistic cell membrane lipid compositions, including raft-like domains. Head group torsion parameters are revised, resulting in improved agreement with NMR order parameters, and hydrocarbon chain parameters are updated, providing a better match with phase transition temperature. Extensive validation runs (0.9 μs per lipid type) show good agreement with experimental measurements. Furthermore, the simulation of raft-like bilayers demonstrates the perturbing effect of increasing PUFA concentrations on cholesterol molecules. The force field derivation is consistent with the AMBER philosophy, meaning it can be easily mixed with protein, small molecule, nucleic acid, and carbohydrate force fields.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2022 00:45
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2022 00:45


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