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Analgesic Efficacy and Hematologic Effects of Robenacoxib in Mice.

Beninson, Jennifer A and Lofgren, Jennifer L and Lester, Patrick A and Hileman, Madeline M and Berkowitz, Daniel J and Myers, Daniel D (2018) Analgesic Efficacy and Hematologic Effects of Robenacoxib in Mice. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS, 57 (3). pp. 258-267. ISSN 1559-6109

Abstract

NSAID analgesics may confound models that require inflammation to mimic disease development in humans. This effect presents a challenge for veterinary staff and investigators, because surgery is often necessary to create mouse models of disease and NSAID are first-line analgesics used to treat postoperative pain. We evaluated robenacoxib, a NSAID highly selective for cyclooxygenase 2, in a carrageenan paw edema (CPE) assay and surgical model of venous thrombosis (VT). We generated a mouse-specific dose-response curve by using the CPE assay for robenacoxib doses of 3.2, 10, 32 and 100 mg/kg SC. Electronic von Frey assay, calipers, and novel software for measuring open-field activity revealed that all robenacoxib doses provided, identified effective analgesia at 3 and 6 h, compared with saline. In addition, the 100-mg/kg dose had measurable antiinflammatory effects but yielded adverse clinical side effects. Because the 32-mg/kg dose was the highest analgesic dose that did not decrease paw swelling, we evaluated it further by using the same nociceptive and behavioral assays in addition to a novel nest-consolidation test, and assessment of blood clotting and hematologic parameters in the surgical VT model. A single preemptive dose of either 32 mg/kg SC robenacoxib or 5 mg/kg SC carprofen protected against secondary hyperalgesia at 24 and 48 h. Neither drug altered clot formation or hematology values in the VT model. The open-field activity software and our novel nest consolidation test both identified significant postoperative discomfort but did not differentiate between saline and analgesia groups. In light of these data, a single preemptive subcutaneous dose of 32 mg/kg of robenacoxib or 5 mg/kg of carprofen did not impede this VT mode but also failed to provide sufficient postoperative analgesia.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2019 00:45
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2019 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/41509

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