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Promiscuity analysis of a kinase panel screen with designated p38 alpha inhibitors

González Medina, Mariana and Miljković, Filip and Haase, Gernot S. and Drueckes, Peter and Trappe, Joerg and Laufer, Stefan and Bajorath, Jürgen (2020) Promiscuity analysis of a kinase panel screen with designated p38 alpha inhibitors. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 187. ISSN 17683254

Abstract

Protein phosphorylation by kinases is of critical importance for the regulation of many cellular functions. When kinases are deregulated numerous biological processes are affected, which may cause a variety of diseases. Therefore, kinase inhibition plays an important role for therapeutic intervention. A number of kinase inhibitors have been approved as drugs, initially in oncology where promiscuous (multi-kinase) inhibitors were most efficacious. Exploring kinase inhibitor selectivity and promiscuity for therapy is among the most challenging aspects of kinase drug discovery. Herein, we thoroughly analyze a kinase profiling experiment in which 637 designated inhibitors of p38α MAP kinase (p38α) were tested against a panel of 60 kinases distributed across the human kinome. In this experiment, only 19% of the inhibitors were found to be promiscuous when the median p38α inhibition level was applied as an activity threshold. Promiscuous inhibitors had a median value of two targets per compound, and many of these inhibitors were only active against the p38α and closely related JNK3 enzymes. Promiscuity cliffs were identified and analyzed in a network representation revealing structural modifications that were implicated in triggering compound promiscuity. Taken together, the findings revealed a high degree of selectivity of designated p38α directed inhibitors although they target the ATP binding site that is largely conserved across the human kinome.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Compound promiscuity Compound screening Computational analysis Kinase profiling p38α kinase inhibitors Promiscuity cliffs Selectivity
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2020 00:45
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2020 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/41366

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