Browse views: by Year, by Function, by GLF, by Subfunction, by Conference, by Journal

The impact of assay recovery on the apparent permeability, a function of lysosomal trapping

Bednarczyk, Dallas and Sanghvi, Menaka (2019) The impact of assay recovery on the apparent permeability, a function of lysosomal trapping. Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems. pp. 1-22. ISSN 13665928


1. In vitro permeability assessment tools, like PAMPA, Caco-2, and MDCK, are frequently used to assess permeability and provide input in to various classification systems. Frequently, the measured recovery values in permeability assays are poor. Poor recovery may be a result of lysosomal trapping of compound. It was hypothesized that a relationship existed between diminished assay recovery of compound due to lysosomal trapping and underestimation of the Papp value.2. To examine this hypothesis, a series of experiments were conducted measuring cellular accumulation, percent recovery, and permeability in the absence or presence of an inhibitor of the V-type H+-ATPase, bafilomycin A1, to determine if a quantifiable relationship between lysosomal trapping, recovery, and permeability existed.3. Displacing compounds from lysosomes using bafilomycin A1 resulted in an improved compound recovery in the assay and a corresponding elevated permeability, where for each 10% loss in recovery, a Papp underestimate of ∼2.2 × 10-6 cm/s was observed. The findings highlight the potential for compound misclassification in various classification systems when assay recovery is not considered. Consideration of lysosomal trapping in the context of permeability assays may yield permeability values more reflective of the intrinsic permeability and the appropriate permeability classification.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: BCS EC3S ECCS lysosomal trapping lysosome MDCK Papp permeability recovery
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2019 00:45
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2019 00:45