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Muscle Atrophy: Counteracting Muscle Atrophy on Earth and in Space via Nanofluidics Delivery of Formoterol

Ballerini, Andrea and Chua, Corrine and Rhudy, Jessica and Susnjar, Antonia and Trani, Nicola and Jain, Priya and Laue, Grit and Lubicka, Danuta and Shirazi-Fard, Yasaman and Ferrari, Mauro and Stodieck, Louis and Cadena, Samuel and Grattoni, Alessandro (2020) Muscle Atrophy: Counteracting Muscle Atrophy on Earth and in Space via Nanofluidics Delivery of Formoterol. Advanced Therapeutics, 3 (7). ISSN 23663987

Abstract

Skeletal muscle atrophy is a critical health problem that affects quality of life and increases morbidity and mortality. At present, exercise training remains the only intervention and pharmaceutical treatments remain elusive. Formoterol (FMT), a β2‐adrenergic receptor agonist, has emerged as a potential therapeutic by triggering skeletal muscle anabolism with daily dosing. Here, the efficacy of sustained FMT release is investigated via a subcutaneously implanted nanofluidic delivery system (nF) to prevent muscle wasting. Pharmacokinetics of nF‐mediated sustained FMT delivery (nF‐FMT) in healthy mice is assessed for 56 days, which demonstrates an anabolic effect on skeletal muscles. Using a hind limb suspension unloading mouse model, it is shown that nF‐FMT treatment attenuates soleus mass loss in comparison to control mice. Further, the very first study of an implantable drug delivery device in microgravity in vivo is launched. The microgravity environment aboard the International Space Station is leveraged to assess the atrophy prevention capability of nF‐FMT in mice for 29 and 55 days. Muscle hypertrophy is observed in both ground control and spaceflight mice treated with nF‐FMT compared to their respective vehicle controls. Overall, the nF system is presented as a viable platform for sustained delivery of FMT for therapeutic intervention of skeletal muscle atrophy.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: drug delivery implantable devices microgravity muscle atrophy nanofluidics
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2020 00:45
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2020 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/41180

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