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Efficacy of piperacillin in combination with novel β-lactamase inhibitor IID572 against β-lactamase-producing strains of Enterobacteriaceae and Staphylococcus aureus in murine neutropenic thigh infection models

Growcott, Ellena and Gamboa, Luis and Roth, Theresa and Lopez, Sara and Osborne, Colin (2020) Efficacy of piperacillin in combination with novel β-lactamase inhibitor IID572 against β-lactamase-producing strains of Enterobacteriaceae and Staphylococcus aureus in murine neutropenic thigh infection models. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. ISSN 0305-74531460-2091

Abstract

Objectives: The neutropenic murine thigh infection model was used to assess the effectiveness of IID572, a novel β-lactamase inhibitor, in rescuing piperacillin activity against bacterial strains expressing various β-lactamase enzymes.

Methods: Mice (n = 4/group) were inoculated with Enterobacteriaceae or Staphylococcus aureus bacterial strains expressing a range of β-lactamases via intramuscular injection. Two hours after bacterial inoculation, subcutaneous treatment with piperacillin/IID572 or piperacillin/tazobactam every 3 h was initiated. Animals were euthanized via CO2 24 h after the start of therapy and bacterial cfu (log10 cfu) per thigh was determined, and the static dose was calculated.

Results: In a dose-dependent manner, piperacillin/IID572 reduced the thigh bacterial burden in models established with Enterobacteriaceae producing class A, C and D β-lactamases (e.g. ESBLs, KPC, CMY-2 and OXA-48). Piperacillin/IID572 was also efficacious against MSSA strains, including one producing β-lactamase. Static doses of piperacillin/IID572 were calculable from animals infected with all strains tested and the calculated static doses ranged from 195 to 4612 mg/kg/day piperacillin, the active component in the combination. Of the 13 strains investigated, a 1 log10 bacterial reduction was achieved for 9 isolates and a 2 log10 reduction was achieved for 3 isolates; piperacillin/tazobactam was not efficacious against 6 of the 13 isolates tested.

Conclusions: In contrast to tazobactam, IID572 was able to rescue piperacillin efficacy in murine thigh infection models established with β-lactamase-producing strains of Enterobacteriaceae and S. aureus, including those expressing ESBLs or serine carbapenemases.

Item Type: Article
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2020 00:45
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2020 00:45
URI: https://oak.novartis.com/id/eprint/41016

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